Ergonomic Furniture Design

Designing furniture to suit optimal body posture.

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Selecting furniture from a wide array of options can be challenging for most, as one is simply spoilt forchoices. However, comfort and ergonomics are fundamental to furniture design and critical aspects of theselection process, aesthetics, and cost. Ergonomicsis a science used to analyse the average humandimensions and design products accordingly, with reduced fatigue and discomfort.

Ergonomically designed furniture is specifically curated to harmonise with the dimensions of the humanbody. Furthermore, it can be customised to ensure maximum comfort, thus adding to overall wellness forthe occupant areas.

1.Ergonomics and furniture design
A designer must acknowledge that people come in all shapes and sizes. Hence, designing pieces thatoffer flexibility can maximise comfort and productivity. For example, an adjustable height chair can beadjusted to suit different lines of vision based on height. Such ergonomic chairs and loungers enablesuitable body posture and offer increased comfort.

2.The 90-90-90degree rule
While working, the lower spine fragment (lumbar) must maintain the S-shaped curve in various humanpostures at work, similar to the standing posture of the spine. Research recommends a 90-90-90 degreeplacement for the elbow, hip, and knee joints. However, any variation to this subset is welcome until itleads to the user hunching over or slouching.
Things to keep in mind:
●Ensure that sofas, chairs, etc., have firm seats and a softback, employing stress-resistant foam forthe seats and headrest. Users should be able to place their feet on the floor comfortably.
●The armrest should be placed at the elbow level, while the backrest height should range from 34 to38 inches to assist the user in maintaining a correct posture.
●The neck should restat the desired height to support the head. Similarly other body anthropometrys hould be considered to maintain ergonomic design. Modern furniture designers can build highly customised, cutting-edge ergonomic furniture. With visionary craftsmanship and the addition of intricate details,ergonomic furniturecan elevate the interior while offering optimal comfort.

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